The microbiota has functions related to metabolism, immune system development and protection against invasion by pathogens (disease causing organisms).5,7
- Production of enzymes that help to digest dietary nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.
- Digestion of fibres that are resistant to degradation by human enzymes and would not otherwise be digested.
- Contribution to immunity through the development of immunoglobulin A and by inhibiting the growth of pathogenic bacteria through competition for nutrients.
- Inhibition of pathogenic bacteria from colonizing the gastrointestinal tract by preventing them from attaching to the gut wall.