Probiotics: Preventing Complications of Antibiotic Use
Antibiotics and Dysbiosis Complications of C. difficile Infection

The symptoms and clinical indicators of an acute CDI are as follows and vary in severity:7,11

  • Watery diarrhea (≥3 unformed stools/24 hours), typically with a characteristic foul odor
  • Anorexia, nausea
  • Leukocytosis with neutrophil predominance
  • Abdominal tenderness, cramps
  • Fever
  • Hypotension
  • Hypoalbuminemia

The case fatality rate with CDI ranges from 6% to 30%.