Pharmacy Corner
Resort Travel – What Patients Should Know What is Hepatitis A and B?

Hepatitis A3,4

  • Hepatitis A is a virus infection of the liver, which is usually spread through spread through eating food or drinking beverages contaminated with the hepatitis A virus.

Hepatitis B5,6

  • Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver that is spread by coming into contact with infected blood and other body fluids.
  • Hepatitis B can be transmitted by unprotected sex, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture and medical or dental care using improperly sterilized equipment.
Do I have it?
Hepatitis A3,4Hepatitis B5,6
  • Many people with hepatitis A have no or mild symptoms
  • Symptoms of hepatis A can include:
    • Fever
    • Weakness and exhaustion
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Stomach pain
    • Dark urine and grey coloured stool
    • Yellowing of the skin and whites of eyes (also called jaundice)
  • The symptoms tend to be more severe in older adults
  • Hepatitis A can be fatal in some people
  • Most people with hepatitis B either show no or mild symptoms.
  • Some of the symptoms of hepatitis B include:
    • Weakness and exhaustion
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Abdominal pain
    • Yellowing of the skin and whites of eyes (also called jaundice)
  • Hepatitis B can cause a long-term infection. People with the chronic infection are at higher risk of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, liver cancer and death.

“Most people with chronic hepatitis B don’t know they have an infection”



How do I prevent it?
Hepatitis A3,4Hepatitis B5,6
  • You can lower your risk of hepatitis A by watching what you eat and drink. See food and beverages recommendations tab.
  • Wash hands often, especially before eating
    • There are a number of vaccines that can prevent hepatitis A. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist to learn about these vaccines.
  • Avoid unprotected sex, getting tattoos or having medical or dental procedures when travelling.
  • There are a number of vaccines that can prevent hepatitis A. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist to learn about these vaccines.

What do I do if I have it?
  • If you have think you may have hepatitis A or hepatitis B, it is very important that you see a doctor right away.