What is diabetic retinopathy?
To talk about how diabetes affects your eyes, or more specifically your retina, we need to talk about our eyes first.
Our eyes are made up of several parts, the retina is the back layer of the eye and is responsible for allowing us to see.2 Many people think of the retina as being very similar to the film used in cameras.
Diabetic retinopathy is any type of damage to the retina and can cause decreased or abnormal vision and even complete vision loss or blindness.
It is estimated that about 4 in every 10 adults with diabetes has some sort of diabetic retinopathy.4 Diabetic retinopathy is also the MOST common cause of blindness in working-age adults.4
So how does having high blood sugars affect my eyes?
With diabetes, the blood vessels in the retina can go through changes. These changes can result in leaking of fluids into the retina which can cause swelling and blurry vision.2,3