Pharmacy Corner
Colic and Teething: Irritable, crying, fussy baby and it’s not a fever! Teething - Management Strategies

6. How do I take care of my baby’s gums and teeth?15

Birth to 12 months
  • Wipe baby’s gums twice a day with soft, clean damp cloth
  • Brush baby teeth at least once a day (usually at bedtime) with a soft bristle toothbrush
  • Do not sweeten a soother
  • No bottles in bed with milk, formula or juice
1-2 years
  • Take your baby to their 1st dentist appointment by 12 months
  • Brush teeth daily with non-fluoridated toothpaste
  • Limit soother use
  • Try to switch to regular cup for all drinks
  • Check for signs of tooth decay once a month: chalky-white or brown spots on the teeth or on the gum lines
3-4 yearsBrushing teeth
  • Use “2 for 2” technique: brushing twice a day for two minutes each time
  • Start using fluoride toothpaste (pea size): brush and spit rather than swallow
  • Brush at the same time as your child
  • Take your baby to doctor or dentist if they continue to suck their thumbs as permanent teeth start to appear
  • Wash hands before and after brushing teeth
  • Rinse toothbrushes with water after brushing
  • Replace toothbrushes every few months or when the bristles become flattened
  • Between meals, quench your child’s thirst with water. Do not offer candy, dried fruit, and sugared drinks or juices
  • Take your child for regular dental visits (every 6 months or the suggestion by your dentist)

Rule of two

Rule of two

  • Wipe your baby’s gum twice a day

  • Brush your baby’s teeth twice a day for two minutes each time.

7. What are some ways to help with teething? 14,18

Baby teething
  1. Rub the gums with:
    • clean finger
    • damp washcloth
    • back of cold spoon
  2. Offer something to bite and chew on:
    • teething rings made of firm rubber
    • something hard, smooth and clean (e.g. frozen facecloth)
    • NO small parts on them that could break off and cause child to choke
    • NO teething biscuits (increases the risk of cavities)
Baby teething
  1. Keep the teething items cool:
    • Cold washcloth
    • Chilled teething ring (not frozen)
    • Cold foods
    • Avoid using very cold items
  2. Dry the drool:
    • Clean cloth to dry the chin (prevents skin irritation)
    • Use absorbent bed sheets
    • Consider applying a moisturizer to areas around the mouth