During attacks, medications are used to manage pain and swelling.4 Options include anti-inflammatory drugs (i.e. indomethacin, naproxen, ibuprofen), and a couple of prescription drugs (e.g. prednisone, colchicine).
There are some other steps that can be taken to help reduce pain during an attack. These include:
- Rest and elevate the affected joint for a day or until pain decreases2
- Relax and avoid stress2
- Apply an ice pack to the affected joint for 20 minutes multiple times daily (do not apply heat)2
- Drink plenty of fluids (no sugary beverages or alcohol)2